Green is the most frequently used liturgical color. It is considered the color of life and of growing things. It represents our growth in faith as we live our Christian lives. Green is used after the seasons of Epiphany and Pentecost. The church color of green is the primary color from Pentecost until the beginning of Advent.
Historically, purple cloth was very expensive and available only to the wealthy. Because of this it became known as the color of royalty. Purple is used during Lent to symbolize Jesus role as the King of Kings. It is also a deep, passionate color that also symbolizes the pain and suffering Jesus experiences before and during the crucifixion.
Red is the color for Pentecost which symbolizes the tongues of fire that descended on that first Pentecost. Red is used during ordinations representing the presence of the Holy Spirit.
Blue is the color of Advent. Historically, blue came to use in Scandinavia, probably because purple dyes were too expensive. Blue is a symbol of the sky/heaven and of hope, a major them throughout the season of Advent
1st Sunday of Advent – The first candle symbolizes “HOPE”. We can have hope because God is faithful and will keep his promises to us.
2nd Sunday of Advent – The second candle reminds us that Jesus, the Prince of “PEACE”, came to bring us spiritual peace.
3rd Sunday of Advent – The third candle reminds of of the “JOY” we have in Jesus
4th Sunday of Advent – The fourth candle reminds us of the “LOVE” God has for humanity.
Christmas Eve/Christmas Day – The fifth candle is white, the Christ candle, to represent the purity of “CHRIST”, the spotless, sinless lamb of God and of his coming.
White is the color of purity and innocence. White is used at Christmas to represent the purity of Christ and our joy resulting from his arrival. White used during the season of Easter symbolizes the joy we feel by knowing that “He is Risen.” White is also used on special Sundays such as The Ascension of Our Lord, Holy Trinity, All Saints and Christ the King Sundays.